Vitamin Atlas

Vitamin B1: Thiamine

Vitamin B1: Thiamine

The chemical Thiamine was renamed Vitamin B1 because it was the first of the B vitamins to be discovered. Vitamin B1 is a vital part of the complex process that turns food into energy. Even though B1 serves the same role in every cell in your body, a deficiency tends to affect the nervous system first. Researchers continue to investigate the many derivative compounds that contain thiamine but whose functions are still unknown.

What Types of Food Have Thiamine?

Thiamine in the World: Japanese Jinx


Click on the button to see how Vitamin B1 plays a role in your:

  • General Cellular Function

General Cell Function

How does your body turn the food you eat into the energy that powers you all day long? You break it down: First, the body turns carbohydrates into glucose and proteins into amino acids. The glucose and amino acids then enter your cells.

General Cellular Function

But your cells need to break down the glucose and amino acids even further. Vitamin B1 takes that next step, helping chop glucose and amino acids into smaller bits, until the parts are finally small enough to be turned into energy by mitochondria, the power plants of the cell.